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Short Reference

Other versions: 7.31 | 7.40 | 7.54


 ... [EXPORTING  p1 = a1 p2 = a2 ...] 
    [IMPORTING  p1 = a1 p2 = a2 ...]
    [TABLES     t1 = itab1 t2 = itab2 ...]
    [CHANGING   p1 = a1 p2 = a2 ...]
    [EXCEPTIONS [exc1 = n1 exc2 = n2 ...]
                [system_failure = ns [MESSAGE smess]]
                [communication_failure = nc [MESSAGE cmess]]
                [OTHERS = n_others]].


1. EXPORTING p1 = a1 p2 = a2 ...

2. IMPORTING  p1 = a1 p2 = a2 ...

3. TABLES     t1 = itab1 t2 = itab2 ...

4. CHANGING   p1 = a1 p2 = a2 ...

5. EXCEPTIONS exc1 = n1 exc2 = n2 ...


These additions are used to assign actual parameters to the formal parameters of the remotely called function module, and return values to exceptions that are not class-based. These additions have the same basic meaning as they do in general function module calls.

Unlike general function module calls, however, RFC generally ignores the interface to incorrectly specified formal parameters. These differences and others are described in the following.

Addition 1

EXPORTING p1 = a1 p2 = a2 ...

Addition 2

IMPORTING  p1 = a1 p2 = a2 ...


The following differences apply to the additions EXPORTING and IMPORTING:

  • In character-like formal parameters, the actual parameter can be shorter than the formal parameter. In the called function module, a shorter actual parameter is filled with blanks on the right in the input and truncated in the output.
  • Reference variables cannot be passed directly or as components of deep structures. As in general function module calls, however, you are allowed to pass tables with deep row types, structures, and strings.
  • When passing internal tables with non-unique table keys, the order of the duplicate rows in relation to these keys is not retained.

Addition 3

TABLES  t1 = itab1 t2 = itab2 ...


When using TABLES to pass data to table parameters, the difference is that only tables with flat row types and no secondary table key can be passed, and that an existing header line is not passed.


  • As long as basXML is not configured as the RFC protocol, the classic binary RFC protocol is used implicitly for TABLES parameters, and not the XML format xRFC, which is otherwise used for deep types. Passing internal tables using the TABLES parameters can therefore be considerably faster in this case (depending on the data passed) than with other parameters.
  • basXML is now used as a unified format for all types of RFC communication. The binary RFC protocol currently still has better performance than basXML, but this will change in the future. The TABLES addition is therefore only required for RFMs for which performance is currently critical.

Addition 4

CHANGING   p1 = a1 p2 = a2 ...


With respect to the addition CHANGING, the same differences apply as to the additions EXPORTING and IMPORTING.

Addition 5

EXCEPTIONS exc1 = n1 exc2 = n2 ...


The addition EXCEPTIONS is used to perform classic non-class-based exception handling, which works in essentially the same way as general function module calls. In addition, however, you can specify the special exceptions andSYSTEM_FAILURE, COMMUNICATION_FAILURE to handle the exceptions raised by the RFC interface itself. An optional MESSAGE addition can also be specified after these exceptions. If one of the special classic exceptions system_failure or communication_failure is raised, the first line of the associated short dump is inserted in the smess or cmess field. This field which must be a flat character-like field. If a remotely called function module raises a class-based exception during non-class-based exception handling, this exception is not transported and raises the predefined classic exception SYSTEM_FAILURE instead


  • Specifying error_message after EXCEPTIONS has no effect in the RFC.
  • If the classic exception SYSTEM_FAILURE is raised when a message of type "A", "E", or "X" is sent, the smess field contains the message short text when MESSAGE is specified.
  • Class-based exception handling in RFCs is not possible in this release track.


More information: Exception Handling in RFC.