ABAP Keyword Documentation →  ABAP - Reference →  Processing Internal Data →  Numerical Calculations

# arith_exp - Arithmetic Expressions

Other versions: 7.31 | 7.40 | 7.54

## Syntax

``````
... [+|-] operand1     [{+|-||/|DIV|MOD|} [+|-] operand2
[{+|-||/|DIV|MOD|**} [+|-] operand3     ... ]] ... .
``````

### Effect

An arithmetic expression expresses a calculation. The result of an arithmetic expression is a numeric value of the calculation type assigned to the arithmetic expression. In an arithmetic expression `arith_exp`, the arithmetic operators `+`, `-`, , `/`, `DIV`, `MOD`, or `*` can be used to join an operand `operand1` with one or more operands `operand2`, `operand3` ... Brackets are also possible. Arithmetic expressions can be used in the statement `COMPUTE` or in read positions in certain statements.

The operand positions `operand` are general expression positions, which means that numeric data objects, predefined functions, functional methods, or compound arithmetic expressions can be specified. The arithmetic operators `+`, `-`, , `/`, `DIV`, `MOD`, and `*` join two adjacent operands. When the expression is evaluated, a numeric value is calculated and joined with the next adjacent operand. The priority of this join depends on the operators used.

Each operand can be preceded by the signs `+` or `-`, in any order and separated by one or more blanks. The effect of using a sign is the same as specifying the expression +1 * or `-1 *`, which means that a sign has the same priority as a multiplication.

If functional methods or character-like expressions are specified as operands, they are listed from left to right and from inside to outside before the remainder of the expression is evaluated. The return values are buffered to be used in the corresponding operand positions. Here, character-like processing functions and string expressions are only possible as arguments of description functions.

Notes

• Note whether the value of a data object that is also used as an operand is changed in a specified functional method. Even if an operand of this type precedes the functional method, its value will always be changed by the method before it is evaluated.
• Arithmetic expressions and string expressions cannot be mixed. Description functions that are used as operands for arithmetic expressions can, however, contain string expressions as arguments.

Example

The following program excerpt computes the hyperbolic sine with the Eulerian formula in calculation type `decfloat34` and with the predefined function `sinh` in calculation type `f` and displays the difference.

``````DATA: x       TYPE i,
result1 TYPE decfloat16,
result2 TYPE f,
diff    TYPE decfloat16.

DO 2001 TIMES.
TRY.
x = sy-index - 1001.
result1 = ( ( exp( x ) - exp( -1 * x ) ) / 2 ).
result2 = sinh( x ).
diff    = abs( result1 - result2 ).
IF diff <> 0.
WRITE: / x, diff STYLE cl_abap_math=>scientific.
ENDIF.
CATCH cx_sy_conversion_overflow cx_sy_arithmetic_overflow.
ENDTRY.
ENDDO.
``````

### Exceptions

Catchable Exceptions

CX_SY_ARG_OUT_OF_DOMAIN

• Cause: Invalid call of `acos`
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_ACOS_DOMAIN`
• Cause: Invalid call of `asin`
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_ASIN_DOMAIN`
• Cause: Invalid call of `cos`
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_COS_DOMAIN`
• Cause: Invalid call of `log10`
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_LOG10_ERROR`
• Cause: Invalid call of `log`
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_LOG_ERROR`
• Cause: Illegal argument in powers
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_POW_DOMAIN`
• Cause: Invalid call of `sin`
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_SIN_DOMAIN`
• Cause: Invalid call of `sqrt`
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_SQRT_DOMAIN`
• Cause: Invalid call of `tan`
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_TAN_DOMAIN`

CX_SY_ARITHMETIC_OVERFLOW

• Cause: Overflow in arithmetic operation (type `p`)
Runtime Error: `BCD_OVERFLOW`
• Cause: Overflow in arithmetic operation (all operands type `p`)
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_BCD_OVERFLOW`
• Cause: Overflow in `cosh`
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_COSH_OVERFLOW`
• Cause: Overflow or underflow in `exp`
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_EXP_RANGE`
• Cause: Overflow in addition (type `decfloat`)
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_DECFLOAT_ADD_OVERFLOW`
• Cause: Overflow in subtraction (type `decfloat`)
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_DECFLOAT_SUB_OVERFLOW`
• Cause: Overflow in multiplication (type `decfloat`)
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_DECFLOAT_MUL_OVERFLOW`
• Cause: Overflow in division (type `decfloat`)
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_DECFLOAT_DIV_OVERFLOW`
• Cause: Overflow in division (type `decfloat`)
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_DECFLOAT_DIV_OVERFLOW`
• Cause: Overflow in division (type `f`)
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_FLOAT_DIV_OVERFLOW`
• Cause: Overflow in subtraction (type `f`)
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_FLOAT_MINUS_OVERFLOW`
• Cause: Overflow in addition (type `f`)
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_FLOAT_PLUS_OVERFLOW`
• Cause: Overflow in multiplication (type `f`)
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_FLOAT_TIMES_OVERFLOW`
• Cause: Overflow in |-2147483648|
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_INT_ABS_OVERFLOW`
• Cause: Integer overflow in division
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_INT_DIV_OVERFLOW`
• Cause: Integer overflow after subtraction
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_INT_MINUS_OVERFLOW`
• Cause: Integer overflow while adding
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_INT_PLUS_OVERFLOW`
• Cause: Integer overflow in multiplication
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_INT_TIMES_OVERFLOW`
• Cause: Invalid call of `log10`
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_LOG10_ERROR`
• Cause: Invalid call of `log`
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_LOG_ERROR`
• Cause: Overflow or underflow in powers
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_POW_RANGE`
• Cause: Overflow in `sinh`
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_SINH_OVERFLOW`
• Cause: Overflow in function `round` or `rescale`
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_ROUND_RESCALE_OVERFLOW`

CX_SY_CONVERSION_NO_NUMBER

• Cause: Operand cannot be interpreted as a number
Runtime Error: `CONVT_NO_NUMBER`

CX_SY_CONVERSION_OVERFLOW

• Cause: Overflow in arithmetic operation (type `p`, with specified length)
Runtime Error: `BCD_FIELD_OVERFLOW`
• Cause: Operand too big or (interim) result too big
Runtime Error: `CONVT_OVERFLOW`

CX_SY_PRECISION_LOSS

• Cause: Result of `cos` not exact
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_COS_LOSS`
• Cause: Result of `sin` not exact
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_SIN_LOSS`
• Cause: Result of `tan` not exact
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_TAN_LOSS`

CX_SY_UNSUPPORTED_FUNCTION

• Cause: Invalid function for calculation type `decfloat34`
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_UNSUPPORTED_DECF_FUNC`

CX_SY_ZERODIVIDE

• Cause: Division by 0 (type `p`)
Runtime Error: `BCD_ZERODIVIDE`
• Cause: Division by 0 (type `f`)
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_FLOAT_ZERODIVIDE`
• Cause: Division by 0 (type `i`)
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_INT_ZERODIVIDE`
• Cause: Division by 0 (type `decfloat`)
Runtime Error: `COMPUTE_DECFLOAT_ZERODIVIDE`

Non-Catchable Exceptions

• Cause: `p` field does not contain the correct BCD format
Runtime Error: `BCD_BADDATA`
• Cause: `p` field does not contain a correct sign
Runtime Error: `BCD_NO_SIGN`

### Continue

arith_exp - Arithmetic Operators

arith_exp - ( )

arith_exp - Calculation Type