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ABAP Keyword Documentation →  ABAP - Reference →  Declarative statemnts →  Data Types and Data Objects →  Declaring Data Objects →  DATA 

DATA - TYPE abap_type

Short Reference

Other versions: 7.31 | 7.40 | 7.54


DATA { {var[(len)] TYPE abap_type [DECIMALS dec]} 
     | {var [TYPE abap_type [LENGTH len] [DECIMALS dec]]} }
     [VALUE  val|{IS INITIAL}]


By specifying a predefined data type abap_type, an elementary variable var is defined. For abap_type, you can use all predefined data types from the table of predefined ABAP types, except the internal types b and s.

Syntax and meaning of LENGTH, len, DECIMALS and dec are identical to the definition of elementary data types with TYPESand must be specified within the relevant interval boundaries. Here, however they are used to create a bound data type. If you omit for the ABAP types c, n, p and x the specification of len and dec, the bound type is created with the standard type-compliant length and, for p, without decimal places.


For reasons of legibility, your are advised to include all information and always use the addition length LENGTH, and not parentheses, to specify the length len.


These statements declare three variables and determine their start values.

DATA: text_buffer TYPE string VALUE `Text`, 
      count TYPE i VALUE 1, 
      price TYPE p LENGTH 8 DECIMALS 2 VALUE '1.99'.