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ABAP Keyword Documentation →  ABAP - Reference →  Program structure →  Modularization Statements →  Procedures →  Methods 


Short Reference

Other versions: 7.31 | 7.40 | 7.54


METHOD meth. 


Between the statements METHOD and ENDMETHOD the function of a method declared with [CLASS-]METHODS meth is implemented in a class. The implementation of a method is only possible in an implementation part of a class that begins with CLASS class IMPLEMENTATION

Local data types and data objects can be declared within the method. It is also possible to access the formal parameters of the method and all the components of all instances of its own class. The method and its interface are defined either using the statement [CLASS-]METHODS for a local class, or in the Class Builder tool for a global class.

In instance methods, all components of the method's own class can be addressed not only using their name, but also explicitly using the self-reference me-> In addition, all the components of other instances of the same class can be addressed through reference variables.

A method can be called using the statement CALL METHOD or using one of its abbreviated forms.


Whenever a method of an interface intf is implemented, it is possible to specify for metheither the name declared in the interface with a prefix intf or an alias name of the class defined with ALIASES The method must exist in the interfface; otherwise, a syntax error will occur.


If intf~is used, only a syntax warning will appear for global interfaces. The purpose of this is so that classes are not immediately rendered invalid if an unused method from a global inteface is deleted.In this example, the two methods m1 and m2 of the class METHOD between METHOD and ENDMETHOD are implemented. Although the local data object a1 hides the attribute of the same name, the attribute a1 can be addressed using me->a1.

    METHODS m1 IMPORTING p1 TYPE string. 
    DATA a1 TYPE string. 
    METHODS m2. 
  METHOD m1. 
    a1 = p1. 
    m2( ). 
  METHOD m2. 
    DATA a1 TYPE string. 
    a1 = me->a1. 


METHOD - Internal Additions