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ABAP Keyword Documentation →  ABAP - Reference →  User Dialogs →  Classic Lists →  printing lists →  Print Control 


Short Reference

Other versions: 7.31 | 7.40 | 7.54


PRINT-CONTROL { { formats|{FUNCTION code} 
                  [LINE line] [POSITION col] }
              | { INDEX-LINE index_line } }.


1. ... formats|{FUNCTION code} [LINE line] [POSITION col]

2. ... INDEX-LINE index_line


This statement formats areas of print lists or creates index entries in print lists to be archived.

The statement PRINT-CONTROL only works for print lists created using NEW-PAGE PRINT ON, SUBMIT TO SAP-SPOOL, and by selecting Execute and Print on the selection screen. It does not work for a screen list that has been printed from the display by selecting Print (function code "PRI").

Alternative 1

... formats|{FUNCTION code} [LINE line] [POSITION col]


This variant sets a print format starting from the line specified in line and the position specified in col for all subsequent output statements of the current page. The value in col refers to the position within the list buffer. If the additions LINE or POSITION are not specified, the current position of the list cursor (sy-linno, sy-colno) is used. line and col expect data objects of type i are expected whose values are within the current page width or page length. If line or col contain invalid values, the statement is ignored.

The possible print formats formats are listed in the table below. The runtime environment converts these entries into printer-independent codes called print control. When a list is actually printed, the print control codes are translated into printer-specific control characters.

|formats|Print Control|Meaning| |----|----|----| |CPI cpi|CIcpi|Characters per inch| |LPI lpi|LIlpi|Lines per inch| |COLOR BLACK|CO001|Color black| |COLOR RED|CO002|Color red| |COLOR BLUE|CO003|Color blue| |COLOR GREEN|CO004|Color green| |COLOR YELLOW|CO005|Color yellow| |COLOR PINK|CO006|Color pink| |FONT font|FOfont|Font| |LEFT MARGIN left|LMleft|Space from the left margin| |SIZE siz|SIsiz|Font size|

The conversion to device-specific control characters is made using the database tables TSP03 and T022D. If a particular option for a particular printer type (according to table TSP03) is not supported in the table T022D (no entry), this option is ignored in printing. For more information, see the documentation for the tables TSP03 and T022D.

There are more print control codes than print formats formats than can be specified in the statement PRINT-CONTROL. All print control codes can also be specified directly in code using the addition FUNCTION. code must be a flat character-like data object that contains a valid print control code. Invalid content is ignored. A list of valid print control codes and their assignment to printers is available in spool administration (transaction SPAD).


  • The statement PRINT-CONTROL should only be used for print formats that cannot also be set using the formatting options of the statements WRITE and FORMAT, or in the print dialog.
  • The statement PRINT-CONTROL must be executed for every page to be formatted. If the additions LINE and POSITION are used, the source code position of the statement PRINT-CONTROL in relation to the output statements becomes irrelevant.
  • The print control codes are written to the print list line at the specified position. A line is limited internally to 4092 characters. If an overflow occurs as a result of too many print control codes, surplus output text lines and print control codes are truncated without warning.


:The generated spool output in hexadecimal form:
"#SBP01123456789 #SBS01"
This statement list can be used to print bar codes.

WRITE: /. 
WRITE: '123456789'. 

Alternative 2

... INDEX-LINE index_line


This variant inserts the content of the data object index_line into the current print list as an index line. index_line must be a flat character-like data object. If the list cursor of an output statement has been set in the current list line, the index line is inserted after the end of the line.

An index line is sent to the spool system as a part of the print list and is displayed there, although not included in the print output. When archiving the list using ArchiveLink the index lines are stored in a description file.

In archiving, the spool system divides a list into a data file and a description file. The data file contains the actual print lists, and the description file contains the index lines. If the content of the index lines is structured according to a convention described in the ArchiveLink documentation, index lines enable an effective search in archived lists.


Inserting index lines in a list of square numbers. After every hundredth line, index lines for archiving are generated (DAIN lines) using the statement PRINT-CONTROL. The structure of the DAIN lines is defined at the start of the list in two additional index lines (DKEY lines). If the user selects Execute and Print on the selection screen and archives the list in the print dialog, the archived list can be searched for the indexes.


DATA: index  TYPE i, 
      square TYPE decfloat16, 
      numb   TYPE i, 
      num    TYPE c LENGTH 4, 
      dkey   TYPE c LENGTH 100, 
      dain   TYPE c LENGTH 100. 

dkey ='DKEYIndex'. 
dkey+44 = '0'. 
dkey+47 = '3'. 

CLEAR dkey. 

dkey ='DKEYNumber'. 
dkey+44 = '3'. 
dkey+47 = '4'. 

index = 0. 

DO number TIMES. 
  index = index + 1. 
  IF index = 100. 
    numb = sy-index / 100. 
    dain = 'DAIN' && 'IDX' && num. 
    index = 0. 
  square = sy-index ** 2. 
  WRITE: / sy-index, square STYLE cl_abap_math=>scientific.