READ DATASET dset INTO dobj [MAXIMUM LENGTH mlen]
[[ACTUAL] LENGTH alen].
This statement exports data from the file specified in
dset to the data object
dobj expects variables with elementary data types and
flat structures. In
dobj must be character-like if the file was opened as a
dset expects a character-like data object containing the
physical name of
the file. The content is read from the file starting from the current file pointer. After the data is
passed, the file pointer is positioned after the section that was read. Using the MAXIMUM
LENGTH addition, the number of characters or bytes to be read from the file can be limited. Using
ACTUAL LENGTH, the number of characters or bytes actually used can be determined.
In a Unicode program, the file must be opened with an arbitrary access type; otherwise, an exception that cannot be handled is raised.
If the file was not yet opened in a non-Unicode programm, it is implicitly opened using the statement
OPEN DATASET dset FOR INPUT IN BINARY MODE
as a binary file for writing. If the system accesses a nonexistent file, a handleable exception is raised.
The Influence of Access Type
Files can be read independently of the access type.
Whether data can be read or not depends solely on the position of the file pointer. If the latter is
at the end of the file or after the file, no data can be read and
sy-subrc will be set to 4.
Influence of the Storage Type
The import function works irrespective of the storage type in which the file was opened using the statement
If the file was opened as a text file or as a
legacy text file, the data is normally read from the current position of the file pointer to the next
end-of-line marking, and the file pointer is
positioned after the end-of-line marking. If the data object
dobj is too
short for the number of read characters, the superfluous characters and bytes are cut off. If it is longer, it is padded with blanks on the right.
If the file was opened as a binary file or as a
legacy binary file, as
much data is read that fits into the data object
dobj. If the data object
dobj is longer than the number of exported characters, it is padded with hexadecimal 0 on the right.
If the specified storage type makes conversion necessary, this is executed before the assignment to
the data object
dobj. Afterwards, the read data is placed, byte by byte, into the data object.
|0||Data was read without reaching end of file.|
|4||Data was read and the end of the file was reached or there was an attempt to read after the end of the file.|
The data from the text files should be imported solely into character-like data objects and data from
binary files should be imported solely into byte-like data objects. To evaluate imported data as numeric
data objects or mixed structures, it is recommended that you export these into binary containers and
then assign these using the
CASTINGaddition of the
ASSIGNstatement in accordance with the typed field symbols. If the file is opened as a legacy text file when such data is being imported, there is the danger that an end-of-line marking is contained in the binary representation of a number and that the numbe can therefore not be read.
If the file is opened in a non-Unicode program with the
READstatement, automatic authorization checks are performed.
Importing the binary file
flights.dat written in the example by the
TRANSFER statement. The data is written (in binary) to a byte-like typed field symbol
<hex_container>. Using the assignment of the structured
to the field symbol, this adopts the length of the data area and a corresponding number of bytes for
the loop process are imported. It would be possible to import directly into the structure
with the same result, but the use of the field symbol is the recommended procedure. The reason is that in this way data is explicitly transferred from a binary file into a binary data type.
DATA: file TYPE string VALUE `flights.dat`, wa TYPE spfli. FIELD-SYMBOLS <hex_container> TYPE x. OPEN DATASET file FOR INPUT IN BINARY MODE. ASSIGN wa TO <hex_container> CASTING. DO. READ DATASET file INTO <hex_container>. IF sy-subrc = 0. WRITE: / wa-carrid, wa-connid, wa-countryfr, wa-cityfrom, wa-cityto, wa-fltime, wa-distance. ELSE. EXIT. ENDIF. ENDDO. CLOSE DATASET file.
... MAXIMUM LENGTH mlen
This addition determines how many characters or how many bytes at most are read from the file.
mlen expects a data object of the type
i. It contains the number of
characters or bytes. In the case of text files, the content of
how many characters are read from the file. In the case of binary files, legacy text files, and legacy binary files,
mlen determines how many bytes are read from the file.
mlen characters or bytes are read from the current position of
the file pointer and the file pointer is positioned after the read file. If the file is opened as a
(legacy) text file and there isan end-of-line marking within the specified length, data is read only up to this position and the file pointer is positioned after the
Influence of Storage Type
In case of text files, the number of bytes read depends on the character format specified using
ENCODING when opening the file.
This program section has the same functions as the previous example. Here data is imported not into
a byte-like field symbol, but into a byte-like data object
The number of bytes to be imported is determined by the typed field symbol
<spfli>. This symbol is used in each loop process to access the imported data component by component.
DATA: file TYPE string VALUE `flights.dat`, hex_container TYPE x LENGTH 1000, len TYPE i. FIELD-SYMBOLS <spfli> TYPE spfli. DESCRIBE FIELD <spfli> LENGTH len IN BYTE MODE. OPEN DATASET file FOR INPUT IN BINARY MODE. ASSIGN hex_container TO <spfli> CASTING. DO. READ DATASET file INTO hex_container MAXIMUM LENGTH len. IF sy-subrc = 0. WRITE: / <spfli>-carrid, <spfli>-connid, <spfli>-countryfr, <spfli>-cityfrom, <spfli>-cityto, <spfli>-fltime, <spfli>-distance. ELSE. EXIT. ENDIF. ENDDO. CLOSE DATASET file.
... [ACTUAL] LENGTH alen
This addition assigns the number of characters or bytes to be read from the file to the data object
alen expects a variable of the type
i. For text
files, the system determines how many characters were written to the memory area. For binary files, legacy text files, and legacy binary files, the system determines how many bytes were read from the file.
- Regardless of the length of the target field, the number of characters or bytes actually read from the file is always returned.
The optional addition
ACTUALwas introduced in order to be better able to distinguish the addition
LENGTHfrom the addition
MAXIMUM LENGTH. For this reason, the addition
ACTUALshould always be used.
Cause: The desired conversion is not supported. (For example, because a
language not supported by the conversion was specified using
SET LOCALE LANGUAGE.)
Cause: Conversion is not possible. The data is read as far as possible. Text data where the conversion has failed is undefined (see also note below).
Cause: No authorization for access to file
Cause: When reading the file, an error occurred.
Cause: File cannot be opened.
Cause: The file is not open.
Cause: The file was opened using the addition
FILTERand since then a switch of the work process took place.