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Trailing Blanks in Character Literals

Other versions: 7.31 | 7.40 | 7.54


Trailing blanks in text field literals use memory, but are generally ignored in operand positions, like all data objects of the type c. In text string literals they are always relevant, as in all data objects of type string.


Do not use trailing blanks in text field literals

They should also not be specified in literals in any operand positions where trailing blanks are not relevant.


This rule is designed mainly to make programs more readable. It makes no sense to specify literal characters in positions where they are ignored, and raises expectations in users of the program that cannot be met. In particular, this also applies for the text field literal ' '.

Conversely, the specification of the supposedly empty text field literal '' in positions where closing spaces are taken into account may be a trap.

Bad Example

The following simple example demonstrates the full scope of the rule. Any readers with little experience in ABAP would expect the result of the assignment to be a string with length six. In actual fact, the result contains only the three relevant positions.

DATA text TYPE string. 

text = '123'.

Good Example

Whether the example needs to be improved depends on whether the trailing blanks are required. If the blanks are needed, use a string literal:

text = `123   `.

If they are not needed, leave them out:

text = '123'.

Bad Example

The following example demonstrates that the supposedly empty literal '' actually represents a blank that is not cut off after SEPARATED BY. The result is "AB AP".

DATA text TYPE string. 


Good Example

Depending on whether the blank is needed as a separator, either ' ' or `` must be specified after SEPARATED BY to express this clearly.