This statement appends one or more rows
to an internal index table
itab. It is appended so that a new last row is created with regard to the primary table index.
itab is a
SORTED BY can be used to sort the table in a specified
result when appending a single row to set a reference to the appended row in the form of a field symbol or a data reference.
For the individual table types, appending is done as follows:
- To standard tables, rows are appended directly and without checking the content of the internal table.
- Rows are appended to sorted tables only if they match the sort order and do not create duplicate entries (if the primary table key is unique).
No rows can be appended to hashed tables.
Exceptions are raised in the following cases:
- If a row to be appended would produce a duplicate entry in a unique primary table key, a non-handleable exception is raised.
- If a row to be appended would produce a duplicate entry in a unique secondary table key, a handleable exception of the class CX_SY_ITAB_DUPLICATE_KEY is raised.
- If a block of rows to be appended would produce a duplicate entry in a unique secondary table key, a non-handleable exception is raised.
If the row being appended would destroy the sort order of sorted tables, a non-handleable exception is raised (the secondary index of a sorted secondary key, however, is updated before it is used again).
APPEND statement sets
sy-tabix to the row number of the last appended row in the primary table index.
- The administration of a unique secondary table key is updated immediately; the administration of a non-unique key is not updated until the secondary table key is next used explicitly (lazy update). Runtime costs for creating or updating a non-unique secondary table key are not incurred therefore until it is used for the first time.
VALUEcan also be used to construct the content of internal tables.
... SORTED BY comp
Used correctly, this addition can produce ranking lists in descending order. This only works if a value
greater than 0 is specified in the declaration of the internal table in the addition
INITIAL SIZE. If the value 0 is specified for INITIAL
SIZE, the statement
APPEND has no effect when used with the addition
SORTED BY can be used only when a work area
wa is specified and for a standard table. Also,
wa must be
compatible with the row type of the table. The component
comp can be specified as shown in the section
Specifying Components, however only a single component can be addressed using the object component selector, and no attributes of classes.
As long as the declaration of the internal table for
INITIAL SIZE has a value greater than zero, the statement is executed in two steps:
Starting from the final row, the table is scanned for a row in which the value of the component
comp is greater than or equal to the value of the component
wa. If such a row exists, the work area
wais inserted after this row with respect to the primary index. In no such row is found, the work area wa is inserted before the first row with respect to the primary index. The row numbers of all rows after the inserted row are increased by 1 in the primary table index.
If the number of rows before the statement is executed is greater than or equal to the number specified
in the declaration of the internal table in the addition
INITIAL SIZE, then the new final row is deleted with respect to the primary table index.
When using only the statement
APPEND with addition SORTED
BY to fill an internal table, this rule results in an internal table that contains no more than
the number of rows specified in its definition after
INITIAL SIZE and that
is sorted in descending order with regard to the primary table index by component
Creates a ranking of the three flights of a connection showing the most free seats.
PARAMETERS: p_carrid TYPE sflight-carrid, p_connid TYPE sflight-connid. DATA: BEGIN OF seats, fldate TYPE sflight-fldate, seatsocc TYPE sflight-seatsocc, seatsmax TYPE sflight-seatsmax, seatsfree TYPE sflight-seatsocc, END OF seats. DATA seats_tab LIKE STANDARD TABLE OF seats INITIAL SIZE 3. SELECT fldate, seatsocc, seatsmax FROM sflight WHERE carrid = @p_carrid AND connid = @p_connid INTO @seats. seats-seatsfree = seats-seatsmax - seats-seatsocc. APPEND seats TO seats_tab SORTED BY seatsfree. ENDSELECT.
Cause: Duplicate key values in unique secondary key
Cause: Row with identical key inserted (target table defined using
Cause: Sort order violated after an
APPENDon a sorted table
Cause: Invalid index value (<= 0) when
Cause: Memory area violated when