CALL - System Function Call
This statement is for internal use only. It must not be used in application programs.
Calls the system function
cfunc. A flat character-like data object containing
the name of the function can be specified for
cfunc. The function must be
entered in the file sapactab.h. Modifying a function or creating a new function requires the ABAP kernel to be compiled again and linked. This requires the C source code files.
- If possible, use kernel methods instead of system functions.
External programs should be called using the RFC mechanism:
CALL FUNCTION... DESTINATION.
- With some critical C functions, the system performs an authorization check automatically. If the user does not have the appropriate authorization, a runtime error occurs. The authorization can be checked using the function module AUTHORITY_CHECK_C_FUNCTION.
The use of the system function SYSTEM, which can be used to execute operating system statements, is not recommended and can be deactivated using the
rdisp/call_system. If called, it then raises a non-handleable exception. If absolutely necessary, operating system statements can be called using the function modules in the
SXPG framework. This addresses specific
statements using logical command names created by the system administrator in the transaction SM68. See also
Unwanted Calls of Operating System Statements.
Calls of system functions whose names or parameters are injected into the program from outside present a serious security risk. The values from outside must be checked thoroughly before being used. See System Command Injections.
... ID id1 FIELD f1 ... ID idn FIELD fn
Passes fields to the called program using pass by reference.
ID id1 is used
to specify the name of a formal parameter and
FIELD f1 is used to specify
the associated field from the ABAP program. If a formal parameter expects an internal table, the latter is passed in the form
DATA RESULT(8). CALL 'MULTIPLY' ID 'P1' FIELD '9999' ID 'P2' FIELD '9999' ID 'RES' FIELD RESULT.
Cause: No authorization to call this C function.
Cause: The system function specified is unknown.
Cause: The system function SYSTEM is deactivated.