Skip to content

ABAP Keyword Documentation →  ABAP - Reference →  Declarations →  Declaration Statements →  Data Types and Data Objects →  Declaring Data Objects →  DATA 

DATA - TYPE abap_type

Short Reference

Other versions: 7.31 | 7.40 | 7.54


DATA { {var[(len)] TYPE abap_type [DECIMALS dec]} 
     | {var [TYPE abap_type [LENGTH len] [DECIMALS dec]]} }
     [VALUE  val|{IS INITIAL}]


By specifying a predefined data type abap_type, an elementary variable var is defined. For abap_type, all predefined data types can be used except the internal types b and s.

Syntax and meaning of LENGTH, len, DECIMALS and dec are identical to the definition of elementary data types with TYPES and must be specified within the defined areas. Here, however they are used to create a bound data type. If len or dec are not specified for the ABAP types c, n, p, and x, the bound type is created using the standard type-compliant length and, for p, without decimal places.


For reasons of legibility, it is best to include all information and always use the addition LENGTH, and not parentheses, to specify the length len.


These statements declare three variables and determine their start values.

DATA: text_buffer TYPE string VALUE `Text`, 
      count TYPE i VALUE 1, 
      price TYPE p LENGTH 8 DECIMALS 2 VALUE '1.99'.