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ABAP Keyword Documentation →  ABAP - Reference →  Creating Objects and Values →  CREATE DATA →  CREATE DATA - TYPE, LIKE 

Creating Structured Data Objects

This example demonstrates how structured data objects are created.

Other versions: 7.31 | 7.40 | 7.54

Source Code

    DATA dref TYPE REF TO data.

    DATA: dbtab TYPE tabname VALUE 'SPFLI',
          rows  TYPE i VALUE 100.

    FIELD-SYMBOLS <wa> TYPE any.

      )->add_field( CHANGING field = dbtab
      )->add_field( CHANGING field = rows )->request( ).

    DATA(out) = cl_demo_output=>new( ).

    dbtab = to_upper( dbtab ).
        dbtab = cl_abap_dyn_prg=>check_table_name_str(
                  val = dbtab
                  packages = 'SAPBC_DATAMODEL' ).
      CATCH cx_abap_not_a_table.
        out->display( 'Database table not found' ).
      CATCH cx_abap_not_in_package.
          'Only tables from the flight data model are allowed' ).

        CREATE DATA dref TYPE (dbtab).
        ASSIGN dref->* TO <wa>.
        SELECT *
               FROM (dbtab) UP TO @rows ROWS
               INTO @<wa>.
          out->write( <wa> ).
        out->display( ).
      CATCH cx_sy_create_data_error.
        out->display( 'Error in data creation' ).


Creates a work area that matches any database table and reads the first rows (rows) of the database table into this work area using a SELECT loop. Since the data reference dref is typed dynamically, the work area can only be read using the field symbol <wa>.

The method CHECK_TABLE_NAME_STR of the class CL_ABAP_DYN_PRG checks whether the database table specified exists and can be used.