FIELD-SYMBOL - Inline Declaration
7.31 | 7.40 | 7.54
... FIELD-SYMBOL(<fs>) ...
A declaration expression with the declaration operator
FIELD-SYMBOL declares a
to which a memory area is assigned in the current operand position. The declared field symbol is visible statically in the program from
FIELD-SYMBOL(<fs>) and is valid in the current
context. The declaration is made when the program is compiled, regardless of whether the statement is actually executed.
The declaration operator
FIELD-SYMBOL can be specified in every valid
declaration position (this involves assignments
of the memory area only). The typing of the field symbol is determined using the statically recognized type of the assigned memory area. It can be generic and complete.
A field symbol
<fs> declared inline cannot be used in a reader position of the same statement.
- A valid statement with an inline declaration of a field symbol can generally be interpreted as a short form for a declaration statement used as a direct prefix.
FIELD-SYMBOLS <fs> TYPE ...
... <fs> ...
- Just like the statement
FIELD-SYMBOLS, an inline declaration does not open a local context for the current statement block. An inline declaration for a field symbol can only be made once within a context and the field symbol cannot yet be declared there using
- If the type of the assigned memory area is defined by reference to a data type in ABAP Dictionary, it is used together with its semantic properties, such as field help, input help, or conversion routines.
Inline declaration of a field symbol for an internal table in an
ASSIGN statement and inline declaration of a field symbol for the rows of the table in a
TYPES t_itab TYPE TABLE OF i WITH NON-UNIQUE KEY table_line. DATA(dref) = NEW t_itab( ( 1 ) ( 2 ) ( 3 ) ). ASSIGN dref->* TO FIELD-SYMBOL(<itab>). LOOP AT <itab> ASSIGNING FIELD-SYMBOL(<line>). ... ENDLOOP.