As a rule, an application program is processed by multiple work processes in succession, and every change of the work process is linked to an implicit database commit. This means that an application program is not automatically associated with a single database LUW. This applies in particular to dialog-oriented applications, in which one database LUW is assigned to one dialog step.
To ensure the data consistency of application programs that are executed across multiple work processes, the change statements are not executed directly in an SAP LUW. Instead, they are first registered and then executed by a single work process, that is in a single database LUW.
The following techniques are available for bundling the change statements in a database LUW:
- Update (bundling using function modules)
CALL FUNCTION... IN UPDATE TASKis used to register an update function module to be executed later in an update work process [ synchronous and asynchronous update) or in the current work process (local update). No forbidden statements can be executed during an update.
- Transactional RFC (bundling using function modules)
CALL FUNCTION... IN BACKGROUND TASK|UNITis used to register a remote-enabled function module to be executed later asynchronously using the RFC interface (transactional RFC ).
- Bundling using subroutines
PERFORM ... ON COMMITis used to register a subroutine to be executed later in a different work process.
A function module can be specified as either an update function module or as remote-enabled, but not both at the same time. The update is used to realize SAP LUWs within AS ABAP, while transactional RFC creates LUWs in distributed systems.
Statements for SAP LUWs
Each closing of an internal session ends the current SAP LUW.
- The statements
ROLLBACK WORKdetermine the limits of a SAP LUW. An ABAP program can be divided into any number of SAP LUWs, whereby the end of an ABAP program always ends the last SAP LUW as well. By calling ABAP programs using
SUBMIT ... AND RETURN, SAP LUWs can be nested.
- If a program is ended or an internal session closed using
LEAVE TO TRANSACTIONand procedures are still registered in the current SAP LUW, then the SAP LUW is ended without the procedures being called or rolled back. Registered update function modules remain on the database but can no longer be executed.
- The system class CL_SYSTEM_TRANSACTION_STATE contains methods that return the status of the current SAP LUW.