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Shared Objects - Area Constructor Class

An area constructor class is a global class with a freely selectable name, which implements the IF_SHM_BUILD_INSTANCE interface. An area constructor can be implemented in the BUILD interface method.

An area constructor class can be assigned to an area in transaction SHMA. This is always necessary if the area is to be built automatically by calling the area constructor, in other words if the BUILD_KIND and REFESH_TIME components of the PROPERTIES structure of class CL_SHM_AREA are filled accordingly. If an area is not to be built automatically, an area constructor class can be specified for the explicit area constructor call using the area class's BUILD method.

Other versions: 7.31 | 7.40 | 7.54

Structure of an Area Constructor

The following structure is recommended for the area constructor implemented in the BUILD interface method:

  • First, the area constructor has to use the ATTACH_FOR_WRITE method to create an area handle with a write lock for the area instance that is passed in the INST_NAME parameter. Since the automatic area constructor call cannot ensure that the write lock can be set either, all exceptions have to be intercepted and forwarded to the caller of the constructor by triggering interface exception CX_SHM_BUILD_FAILED. This should pass the original exception to the PREVIOUS parameter of the constructor of CX_SHM_BUILD_FAILED.
  • Just like whenever a new area instance version is created, a root object also has to be defined in the area constructor using the SET_ROOT method.
  • The area instance version can then be built, that is, objects are stored in the shared memory.
  • The area handle that is created has to be released again using the DETACH_COMMIT method.
  • If the area constructor was called automatically, a database commit has to be triggered when a transactional area is built.
  • In an area constructor, no statements can be used that exit the current internal session (such as SUBMIT, CALL TRANSACTION, CALL SCREEN, MESSAGE for message types "W", "I", "E", and so on).


    The following implementation can be used as a template for new implementations.

    CLASS area_constructor IMPLEMENTATION.

      METHOD if_shm_build_instance~build.

          my_handle TYPE REF TO area
          my_data   TYPE REF TO area_root_class
          my_except TYPE REF TO cx_root.

            my_handle = cl_my_area=>attach_for_write( inst_name ).
          CATCH cx_shm_error INTO my_except.
            RAISE EXCEPTION TYPE cx_shm_build_failed
                            EXPORTING previous = my_except.

        CREATE OBJECT my_data AREA HANDLE my_handle.
        my_handle->set_root( my_data ).

        ... " code to build the area instance

            my_handle->detach_commit( ).
          CATCH cx_shm_error INTO my_except.
            RAISE EXCEPTION TYPE cx_shm_build_failed
                            EXPORTING previous = my_except.

        IF invocation_mode = cl_shm_area=>invocation_mode_auto_build.