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Cutting Texts

Other versions: 7.31 | 7.40 | 7.54


Usually the characters in a character string are displayed in a code page using a fixed number of bytes. This means that it is always known in the memory where a character begins and ends. However, in some code pages, a character can be formed from a combination of several separately saved characters.

  • This is done using the combined characters of some non-Unicode code pages in non-Unicode systems, where a string of characters produces a grapheme (the smallest unit of a writing system in a specific language).
  • This also applies to the characters of the surrogate area of the Unicode character set, that are collectively represented in the Unicode character display UTF-16 by two consecutive 16-bit replacement codes (Surrogate). The surrogate area, for example, includes several Chinese characters that are predominantly used in Hong Kong. The ABAP programming area does not support this area. ABAP supports the subset of UTF-16 covered by UCS-2, in which each character occupies two bytes. One character in the surrogate area occupies four bytes and is handled as two characters by ABAP.


Only cut texts between characters

Make sure that statements do not cut character strings in any places with composite characters or surrogates.


Operations that cut character strings include:

  • Subfield accesses with offsets/lengths or substring functions
  • The SPLIT statement
  • Every assignment to a character-like field that is too short, where one side of the original value is cut off

If texts containing combined characters or surrogates are cut, this can result in undefined characters that cannot be displayed. If there is a risk of this occurring, you can define a suitable separation position by using the method SPLIT_STRING_AT_POSITION of classCL_SCP_LINEBREAK_UTIL.