ABAP Keyword Documentation → ABAP Programming Guidelines → Robust ABAP → Data Types and Data Objects
Other versions: 7.31 | 7.40 | 7.54
You can use the data types declared according to the rules on
Bound and Standalone Data Types and
Data Types and Constants for declaring and generating data objects, as well as for typing field
symbols or interface parameters. You specify them after the
TYPE addition of the corresponding statement.
Use semantically appropriate data types only
Use existing types only if they match the semantics of the typed object. You must not select an existing type based only on the technical properties.
As long as it extends beyond an elemental ABAP type, the type of a data object or an interface parameter provides the source code reader with information on the semantics of these variables. This makes it easier to recognize the meaning of individual variables.
For this reason, you must use only data types whose semantics match the usage. The technical properties of a type alone do not justify its use in a specific context, as this impedes the readability of the program.
In particular, this applies to the reuse or multiple use of existing types. If you require a data type with specific technical properties for an application, you should not simply use any type with these properties from the ABAP Dictionary. In the past, this has frequently been the chosen procedure. Consequently applying package encapsulation may help prevent the unwanted use of own data types.
This rule applies especially for the use of structures from the ABAP Dictionary. For example, you should never use a structure defining a database table as a template for input or output fields of classical dynpros or in Web Dynpro. This would violate the SoC principle.
In the following source code a variable is declared, whose name and use clearly indicate that it is
used for a truth value. The variable is declared with a technically correct, but semantically incorrect, data type.
syst-batch, after all, is the data type for the
sy-batch, which indicates whether a program is executed in the background.
DATA is_empty TYPE syst-batch.
IF is_empty IS INITIAL.
The following source code shows an improved example compared to the source code above. In this case, the
abap_bool type of type group
abap, which is intended for
is used. In addition, the request of the truth value is performed using a specifically designated constant from the same type group.
DATA is_empty TYPE abap_bool.
IF is_empty EQ abap_false.