ABAP Keyword Documentation → ABAP - Reference → Creating Objects and Values → VALUE - Value Operator
VALUE - Structures
7.31 | 7.40 | 7.54
... VALUE dtype|#( [let_exp]
comp1 = dobj1 comp2 = dobj2 ... ) ...
dtype is a structured data type or
a type like this, the individual components can be specified as named arguments
comp2, ... Each component of the return value can be assigned a data object
with the same data type as the component (or whose data type can be converted to this data type). This assignment is made for all data types in accordance with the appropriate
BASE can be specified in front of the individual component assignments, followed by a data object
dobj is a
position. The type of
dobj must be convertible to the type of the return
BASE is specified, the content of
is assigned to the return value before the individual component are assigned. If the character
is specified for the type of the return value and the type cannot be determined from the operand
position of the
VALUE expression, the type of
dobj is used for this expression (if identifiable and structured).
dobj2, ... are
positions. An optional LET
let_exp can be specified before the assignments to define local auxiliary fields that can be used on the right side of the assignments.
If a component is itself structured, either a suitable data object can be assigned to the entire substructure or its components can be specified using the structure component selector
-). Non-specified components are ignored and keep their type-specific initial
value or the value assigned using
BASE. It is not possible to assign multiple
values to a component, regardless of how the component is addressed. If the addition
BASE is used, at least one component must be specified.
VALUE operator is used as the source of an assignment to a structure,
this structure is first initialized after any
expressions are evaluated or the structure is first assigned the data object
BASE. The assignments are then executed directly in the parenthesis, with the structure components as target fields.
- The assignments can be specified in the parenthesis after the optional additions
LET ... INand
BASE, in any order.
- If a component with a complex data type is constructed in an argument position, the value operator
VALUEcan be used again. This affects tabular components, for example. This is also possible for structured components but is not necessary since the subcomponents can be addressed using the structure component selector.
- The rule that a target structure of an assignment is first overwritten in full and then edited directly
can produce unexpected results if structure components on the left side are specified as data objects
pending assignment on the right side. Instead of the assignments on the right side being evaluated and
assigned first, the current value is used in every assignment. If the entire structure or structure
components from the left side are needed on the right side, however, they can be saved in local auxiliary
variables using a
LETexpression, since this expression is evaluated first.
- If the target table is specified as
BASEin an assignment to an existing structure, no assignment takes place before the component assignments are evaluated, and the target structure just keeps its value instead.
Three different ways of filling a nested structure
struct with values. The structure is given the same values each time.
TYPES: BEGIN OF t_col2, col1 TYPE i, col2 TYPE i, END OF t_col2. TYPES: BEGIN OF t_struct, col1 TYPE i, col2 TYPE t_col2, END OF t_struct. DATA: struct TYPE t_struct, col2 TYPE t_col2. struct = VALUE t_struct( col1 = 1 col2-col1 = 1 col2-col2 = 2 ). col2 = VALUE t_col2( col1 = 1 col2 = 2 ). struct = VALUE t_struct( col1 = 1 col2 = col2 ). struct = VALUE t_struct( col1 = 1 col2 = VALUE #( col1 = 1 col2 = 2 ) ).
This example displays the effects produced if components of a target structure are used as assignment
sources. After the assignment to
col2 have the value 0 and
have the value 5. The original values of
are not switched and
col3 is not given the original value of
The assignment to
struct2 demonstrates how the behavior can be changed by
saving the target object to an auxiliary variable
x and using this object.
struct2, the original values of
col2 are switched and
col3 is given the original value of
DATA: BEGIN OF struct, col1 TYPE i VALUE 1, col2 TYPE i VALUE 2, col3 TYPE i VALUE 3, col4 TYPE i VALUE 4, END OF struct, struct1 LIKE struct, struct2 LIKE struct. struct1 = struct2 = struct. struct1 = VALUE #( col1 = struct1-col2 col2 = struct1-col1 col4 = 5 col3 = struct1-col4 ). cl_demo_output=>write( struct1 ). struct2 = VALUE #( LET x = struct2 IN col1 = x-col2 col2 = x-col1 col4 = 5 col3 = x-col4 ). cl_demo_output=>display( struct2 ).
BASE. The type of the return value of
is applied in the construction of
struct1. This is not possible in the construction
base2 is not structured. In
col3 have the values
xx or zz assigned using
col2 has the directly assigned value BB.
TYPES: BEGIN OF struct, col1 TYPE c LENGTH 2, col2 TYPE c LENGTH 2, col3 TYPE c LENGTH 2, END OF struct. DATA(base1) = VALUE struct( col1 = 'xx' col2 = 'yy' col3 = 'zz' ). DATA(struct1) = VALUE #( BASE base1 col2 = 'BB' ). DATA(base2) = `xxyyzz`. DATA(struct2) = VALUE struct( BASE base2 col2 = 'BB' ). cl_demo_output=>write( struct1 ). cl_demo_output=>display( struct2 ).
See also the examples for the instance operator