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ABAP Keyword Documentation →  ABAP − Reference →  Creating Objects and Values 


Quick Reference

Other versions: 7.31 | 7.40 | 7.54

Syntax Forms

Defining a Class Implicitly

1. CREATE OBJECT oref [ area_handle] [ parameter_list].

Defining a Class Explicitly

2. CREATE OBJECT oref [ area_handle]
                     TYPE { class  [parameter_list] }
                        | { (name) [ parameter_list| parameter_tables] }.


The statement CREATE OBJECT creates an instance of a class or object and assigns the object reference to the reference variable oref. The instance constructor of the class is called directly after the object is created.

By default, the object is created in the internal session (or heap) of the current program and remains there for as long as it is required. If no more heap references point to the object, the following applies:

  • No more object references point to the object.
  • no data reference can no field symbol points to an instance attribute or to a part of an instance attribute,

Also, if no more methods of the object are registered as event handlers, the object is deleted by the garbage collector. The addition area_handle can be used to create the object as a shared object.

The reference variable oref must be declared as an object reference variable. Instance components of an object created using CREATE OBJECT can only be accessed using object reference variables (see Data Objects in Operand Positions).

The addition TYPE can be used to specify the class of the new object. The static type of the object reference variables must be more general than or identical to the class of the new object (in accordance with the rules for Assignments Between Object Reference Variables).

Instances of a class can be created only where permitted by the addition CREATE of the statement CLASS DEFINITION. The class can be a local class of the same ABAP program or a global class from the class library permitted by the package check.

The additions parameter_list and parameter_tables must be used to fill the non-optional input parameters of the first explicitly implemented instance constructor in the path of the inheritance tree between the instantiated class and the root class object. These additions can also be used to assign return values to the non-class-based exceptions of the instance constructor.

If a handleable exception is raised for the object in the runtime environment, the object is not created and the object reference variable oref is initialized. If a handleable exception is raised when the object is created in the instance constructor of the class, the object is deleted and the object reference variable oref is initialized.

Return Value


  • If the reference variable oref specified after CREATE OBJECT is passed simultaneously to the instance constructor, it points to the new object when this constructor is executed. To pass a reference to an existing object to the instance constructor, a different reference variable needs to be used.
  • The statement CREATE OBJECT creates a heap reference. All references that point to the object or its parts are also heap references and keep the object alive. The same applies to field symbols that point to instance attributes or to their parts.
  • When a class is used, the instance operator NEW acts like the statement CREATE OBJECT oref TYPE class and can be used in general expression positions.
  • The return code sy-subrc is set to 0 if the statement is successful because the instance constructor is called. sy-subrc is set each time a method is called.


Handleable Exceptions


  • Cause: An attempt was made to instantiate an abstract class.
  • Cause: The class specified in the addition TYPE does not exist.
  • Cause: The class specified dynamically in TYPE does not match the type of the reference variable.
  • Cause: An attempt was made to instantiate a private class externally.
  • Cause: An attempt was made to instantiate a protected class externally.

Non-Handleable Exceptions

  • Cause: A reference must be specified as the target variable.
    Runtime error: CREATE_OBJECT_NO_REFTYPE:





CREATE OBJECT - parameter_list

CREATE OBJECT - parameter_tables