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Database Commit

In AS ABAP, database commits are triggered either implicitly or explicitly.

Other versions: 7.31 | 7.40 | 7.54


A database commit closes all opened database cursors. It is particularly important that database commits are not triggered (in one of the ways listed here) in SELECT loops and after the statement OPEN CURSOR.

Implicit Database Commits

The implicit database commits in an AS ABAP are caused by the fact that an AS ABAP uses its own work processes to connect to the database system. A work process can only ever execute a single database LUW but cannot interfere with the database LUWs belonging to other work processes. Since an ABAP program can be executed by different work processes during its runtime, the database LUW for the current work process must be completed each time an action takes place that leads to a change of work process. As a result, a database commit is performed implicitly in the following situation:

  • Completion of a dialog step

    The program waits for a user action and does not occupy a work process during this time. The next free work process is assigned to the program in the next dialog step.
  • Calling a function module in a synchronous or asynchronous remote function call

    The current work process passes control to a different work process or system. An exception to this are updates. When updates are running, sRFC and aRFC do not cause work processes to be switched or database commits to be executed.
  • Completion of a function module called in a separate work process using a synchronous remote function call.

    Usually, a new work process is allocated to the call program. If a new sRFC follows quickly enough, and enough free work processes exist, the work process sRFC continues to be used, but an implicit database commit is performed regardless.
  • Execution of the statement RECEIVE in a callback routine specified in an asynchronous RFC

    To receive data from another AS Instance, the current work process must be interrupted before the callback routine is executed A database commit is performed, except during the update.
  • HTTP/HTTPS/SMTP communication executed using Internet Communication Framework

    A database commit is executed before each response is sent in an ICF server program or ICF client program. An exception to this are updates. This behavior applies regardless of whether the communication is stateless or stateful.
  • Receiving messages from ABAP messaging channels

    A database commit is executed while the methods START_MESSAGE_DELIVERY and STOP_MESSAGE_DELIVERY of a consumer object are being executed.
  • WebSocket or TCP communication using ABAP Push Channels

    Each time a message is sent and each time APC processing is exited, a database commit is executed. An exception to this are updates. More specifically, the methods BIND_AMC_MESSAGE_CONSUMER and UNBIND_AMC_MESSAGE_CONSUMER (for binding an ABAP messaging channel) produce a database commit.

The implicit database commit takes place on all currently open database connections of the current work process. The situations above cause a work process to be switched while a program is running, but it is also possible for entire programs to be executed in a different work process, such as when a program is called in a background work process in background processing. Here, a database commit is also made when the work process is switched.


  • If (in the case of implicit database commits) a global temporary table filled using ABAP SQL statements is not emptied by an explicit database commit or database rollback or by the statement DELETE FROM without WHERE condition, the runtime error COMMIT_GTT_ERROR occurs.

Explicit Database Commits

Database commits can be triggered explicitly in ABAP programs in the following ways:

  • The relevant database-specific Native SQL statement is used.
  • In ADBC, only the method COMMIT of the class CL_SQL_CONNECTION can be used to do this. In other cases, the database interface does not detect the end of the transaction and might not be able to perform certain actions.
  • Any COMMIT statement embedded statically between EXEC and ENDEXEC is detected by the database interface and any required actions performed.
  • Calling the function module DB_COMMIT. This function module encapsulates the corresponding Native SQL statement. By default, the database commit is triggered on the connection currently open for EXEC SQL. The commit is triggered explicitly on the standard connection by passing the value of abap_true to the input parameter IV_DEFAULT. The function module DB_COMMIT raises the event DB_TRANSACTION_FINISHED of the class CL_DBI_TRANSACTION_STATE, which is handled by the application log framework.

COMMIT statements are not allowed in AMDP methods.


  • A simple database commit in an ABAP program is generally done using the statement COMMIT CONNECTION (the standard connection can be specified here using default). The database LUW can be monitored by the application log by using the function module DB_COMMIT. Apart from the database commit itself, using the statement COMMIT WORK also has certain other consequences with respect to the SAP LUW.

  • All the methods specified here for explicit database commits empty global temporary tables and prevent the runtime error COMMIT_GTT_ERROR in the case of implicit database commits.

Database Commit on Secondary Connections

Implicit deactivations of a secondary connection or a service connection at the end of an internal session trigger a database commit in the transaction context of this database connection. For more information, see Database Connections.

If the internal session is switched on the standard connection, there is no database commit and no database rollback.