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log_exp - Logical Expressions

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Other versions: 7.31 | 7.40 | 7.54


 ...   rel_exp 
    | [NOT] log_exp [AND|OR|EQUIV log_exp] ...


A logical expression formulates a condition for operands. The result of a logical expression log_exp is a truth value and can therefore be true or false.

A logical expression is either a single relational expression rel_exp or an expression constructed from the Boolean operators NOT, AND, OR, EQUIV and one or more logical expressions. Parentheses are possible here. An atomic part of a composite logical expression is always one of the following relational expressions:

Logical expressions can be used as follows:

  • To formulate conditions in control statements and other statements used to control the program flow.
  • As an argument of a Boolean function for representing a truth value in a character-like or byte-like data object.


  • If, in a logical expression, functional methods are specified as operands of a relational expression, they are executed from left to right and from inside to outside before the relational expression is evaluated. In the case of joined relational expressions, this is true for each individual relational expression and not for the overall logical expression.

  • Since ABAP does not recognize any Boolean data objects for the truth values true and false, the result of a logical expression cannot currently be directly assigned to a data object as is the case for calculation expressions. Instead, the return value of a Boolean function can be used.

  • The program DEMO_EXPRESSIONS also shows examples of the use of logical expressions, among other things.


Logical expression created from a predicate expression, a comparison expression, and a predicate function using the Boolean operator AND, in a control statement.

   p1 <= upper_limit AND
   matches( val = p2 regex = regular_expression ).


rel_exp - Comparison Expressions

rel_exp - Predicates

log_exp - Boolean Operators and Parentheses