ABAP Keyword Documentation → ABAP − Reference → Processing Internal Data → Numeric Calculations → Numerical Functions
nmax, nmin  Numeric Extremum Functions
Other versions: 7.31  7.40  7.54
Syntax Forms
... nmaxnmin( val1 = arg1 val2 = arg2 [val3 = arg3] ... [val9 = arg9] ) ...
Effect
These functions return the value of the greatest or the least of the arguments passed. A minimum of
two arguments, arg1
and arg2
, and a maximum of
nine arguments must be passed. Here, the optional input parameters val3
to
val9
must be filled in ascending order without gaps. The arguments arg1
to arg9
are
numeric expression positions.
The following applies to the data type of the return value:
 Outside of an arithmetic expression, a calculation type is determined from all the arguments, and it is used to perform the comparison. The calculation type is determined just like an arithmetic expression and also determines the data type of the return value.
 In an arithmetic expression, the arguments of the function contribute to the calculation type of the entire expression and the function is calculated using the calculation type. If an argument itself is an arithmetic expression, its operands contribute to the entire calculation type and the argument is also calculated using this type.
Notes

The extremum functions
cmax
andcmin
can be used to determine characterlike extreme values. 
When using two input parameters:
result = nmaxnmin( val1 = arg1 val2 = arg2 )
the evaluation of the functions is equivalent to:
IF num1 >= num2  num1 <= num2.
result = num1.
ELSE.
result = num2.
ENDIF.
Example
Determines the lesser of two time stamps in packed numbers. Here, the initial value of the conditional
operator COND
is not regarded as the least value.
CONSTANTS max_ts TYPE timestamp VALUE 999999999999999.
DATA: ts1 TYPE timestamp,
ts2 TYPE timestamp.
GET TIME STAMP FIELD ts1.
DATA(min_ts) = nmin( val1 = COND timestamp( WHEN ts1 IS INITIAL
THEN max_ts ELSE ts1 )
val2 = COND timestamp( WHEN ts2 IS INITIAL
THEN max_ts ELSE ts2 ) ).