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ABAP Keyword Documentation →  ABAP - Reference →  Program Flow →  Exception Handling →  Exceptions Before Class-Based Exceptions →  Non-Class-Based Exceptions 


Short Reference

Other versions: 7.31 | 7.40 | 7.54


MESSAGE { msg |
text } RAISING exception [WITH dobj1 ... dobj4]. 


The statement MESSAGE with the addition RAISING raises a non-class-based exception exception and only sends a message if the exception is not handled. The semantics of msg, text, and WITH is the same as in the statement MESSAGE without the addition RAISING.

This addition only makes sense during the processing of methods and function modules in which the non-class-based exception exception is defined. Furthermore, the addition must not be used in the same processing block as the statement RAISE EXCEPTION for raising class-based exceptions.

  • If the MESSAGE-statement is processed with the addition RAISING during processing of a method or a function module whose caller assigns a return value to the exception exception with the addition EXCEPTIONS of the statement CALL, it has the same effect as the statement RAISE.
  • If no return value is assigned to the exception exception, the addition RAISING is ignored and the message is sent using the statement MESSAGE and processed in accordance with its message type.

The system fields of the statement MESSAGE are populated in both cases and are available in the calling program after handling an exception raised with MESSAGE ...RAISING. This is especially true if a function module was called through Remote Function Call (RFC).


  • The statement MESSAGE ... RAISING is primarily a statement for raising exceptions and not for sending messages. An exception of this type should always be handled like an exception raised using RAISE, since the behavior of the message depends strongly on the context and is usually unpredictable when the function module is created.
  • Using MESSAGE ... RAISING in cases in which non class-based exceptions must still be used is preferable to using the RAISE statement, because it offers the option of providing additional text information with an exception.
  • A return value can be assigned to messages that are sent in function modules without the addition RAISING by using the predefined exception error_message.
  • Messages sent as messages when a function module is called and not caught (despite RAISING) are processed as with error_message.
  • If a procedure is exited by raising an exception, the content of the formal parameter for which the pass by value is defined is not assigned to the respective actual parameters.


When the message is called for the first time, an information message is sent. The second time, an exception is raised instead, which is handled by sy-subrc.

       METHOD m1.
         MESSAGE 'Message in a Method' TYPE 'I' RAISING exc1.
       c1=>m1( ).
       c1=>m1( EXCEPTIONS exc1 = 4 ).
     IF sy-subrc = 4.